Monday, 25 September 2017


The word "adjunct" crops up regularly in beer geek discussions and I can't help but think that, as Inigo Montoya put it:
"You killed my father, prepare to die"
 No, hang on, not that one. I mean:
 "You keep using that word. I do not think it means what you think it means."
 "Adjuncts" seems to be used a lot to describe what I would call novel ingredients or flavourings. In The Handbook of Brewing Graham Stewart states in his chapter on adjuncts:
In the United Kingdom, the Foods Standards Committee defines a brewing adjunct as “any carbohydrate source other than malted barley which contributes sugars to the wort.”
In the notes for the Diploma in Brewing the Institute of Brewing and Distilling there are lists of solid and liquid adjuncts:
Solid Adjuncts:

Liquid Adjuncts:
Glucose Syrups
Sucrose Syrups 
Invert Sugars
Malt Extracts
So that's the sort of thing we're talking about. And note there's no mention of cacao nibs or dingleberries.  I suppose some of the strange things added to beer have some fermentability but I'm still not convinced that adjuncts is the best term for them.

Sunday, 24 September 2017

Chew, chew, chew that is the thing to do

The difficulties of getting alcohol from a starchy substrate is one of the reasons that brewing is much more complicated than wine making. When the vital malting stage is factored in it's a long and involved process. Sake making doesn't involve malting but is just as convoluted.

There is however another, simpler, way of getting fermentable sugar from starch that is used to make Chicha de Muko: chewing grains and spitting them out. Not the most appetising way of making booze but saliva contains an amylase enzyme so the science is sound. I decided to give it a go.

I got a load of corn on the cob when they were reduced in the supermarket and separated the kernels.

Then I got on with the chewing and gobbing stage.

You're then meant to make balls of the chewed maize into cakes and leave them for a day, but I hadn't let the grains dry out enough so it was quite sloppy. I left it for a day and after that it smelt like it was starting to ferment already. I added hot water until the temperature got to 65°C to hopefully help any starch breakdown complete. This made things more dilute than I would have liked with a gravity of 1.020. I guess I should have heated the mash.

When it had cooled I pitched some brewing yeast and after a day there were small but definite signs of fermentation.

A day later they'd subsided though so I guessed it was time to drink it.

My first attempt at scooping out the liquid left me with more bits than a North Eastern IPA so I poured it though a sieve.

This gave me something that I wouldn't have to chew again. The taste was slightly sour and decidedly savoury. I had a couple of glasses which went down easily enough, but there wasn't enough alcohol to have any noticeable effect. I really should give it another go and try and make it stronger but I'm not sure it's worth the effort.

Thursday, 21 September 2017

We love to hate

Over at Boak and Bailey's they were recently pondering the stages beer geeks go through as their experience grows and their interest waxes and wanes. One thing not mentioned that I've been pondering for some time is that a love for something often comes hand in hand with a hatred for something else.

This is often seen a lot in politics, and in some cases quite rightly too, but the most hated enemy can well be someone that to outsiders seems politically close. In sport this is even more obvious, as being a fan of one football club in a city usually implies undying hatred of the city's other team. In the world of beer geekery the desire to link your enthusiasm for one type of beer to hatred for another, and even drinkers of it, seems common.

When I were a lad it was considered right and proper for CAMRA members to denigrate mass produced lager, but since then our mother church has gone more ecumenical and a papal bull has banned this. CAMRA itself, and CAMRA members, often get stick from a range of sources. And it's now become almost routine for some to dismiss craft beer fans as annoying hipsters.

Whilst a bit of friendly rivalry can be fun, needing to have an enemy is not without problems, particularly when people take things way too seriously.

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

Westvleteren 12

The first stop on the latest IBD study tour of Belgium was at the In De Vedre cafe, the only cafe at which the Westvleteren monks sell their beer. I had to try the Westvleteren 12 whilst I was there. Beer geeks have often voted it the best beer in the world, but I'd never had it myself.

It was good, and I'd happy drink it again. But is it the best beer in the world? No, nice though it was it's not even my favourite Trappist beer. It's rarity leads to over-hyping I'm afraid. So drink it if you find it, but don't fret if you don't.

Friday, 25 August 2017

A visit to Únětický pivovar

The last visit I organised for the Brewery History Society trip to Prague was to Únětický pivovar. I'd become a big fan of their beer on work trips to Prague, and previously scouted out the feasibility of a visit.

The brewery is in a glorious old brewery building:

The the actual brewhouse is surprisingly small nowadays:

So they still have space for a boules rink:

Once again there were lots of open fermenters:

And an awful lot of conditioning tanks:

And yes, we did drink some beer straight from them:

Sunday, 20 August 2017

The GBBF: give the little guys a chance

This year there has been a blessed silence from the choir of whingers that pipe up when the Champion Beer of Britain is announced. Instead in the blogosphere there has been a more measured discussion on the selection of beers for the GBBF. I must admit I didn't really pay much attention to what beers were on offer this year, which could be considered bad form. Though the reason I didn't peruse the programme closely was I was simply enjoying myself too much, so perhaps not all bad.

Some of the commentators on the Tandleman's blog post have been complaining that the beer selection was dull, and more exciting beers should be chosen. Marble Brewery, whose beers were not there this year, are also mentioned as a sign that beer from good breweries is not ordered.

I'm not so sure myself. Though CAMRA does indeed move in mysterious ways, I like that they try to be inclusive. Small breweries, that never feature in the lists of usual suspects, have a chance to showcase their beer at a national level. And take it from me, if you work at one of these small breweries this is proper exciting stuff. So at the risk of offending breweries that think they are entitled to a permanent slot, and beer geeks that want to see a 'best of ratebeer' selection, is say let the little guys have their day in the sun.


Saturday, 12 August 2017

How evil is evil?

Whilst over in London for the GBBF I had the chance to try Fuller's unfined keg Pride. Considering the lengths some craft brewers will now go to to deliberately make cloudy beer it was surprisingly bright.

Certainly if I was handed a pint of cask beer looking like that I might eye it suspiciously but I wouldn't take it back. The beer tasted like normal Pride, except it was colder and fizzier. And it cost a pound a pint more, so it's not something I can recommend.

There is also the doctrinal matter to take into consideration. As a keg beer, served using extraneous CO2, it's undoubtedly evil, but how evil? It's not filtered or pasteurised so I did wonder if drinking it is a venial or mortal sin. More work for the CAMRA theologians there. I took the precaution of saying an act of contrition and three Hail Protzes after finishing my pint just in case.

Friday, 11 August 2017

The Great British Beer Festival 2017

Lots of people are down on beer festivals at the moment. Or at least the CAMRA ones. And certainly their role does seem to be changing from showcasing cask beer to raising funds for our Mother Church.

When I were a lad, back in the days when most of the pubs near me were either Allied Breweries or Courage, beer festivals were a rare chance to see interesting and unusual beers like Hop Back Summer Lightning or Sarah Hughes Original Dark Ruby Mild. After the Beer Orders though it became increasingly possible to to sample a wide range of new beers just by visiting a few pubs in the town centre. So many years ago I stopped going to the Great British Beer Festival, the price of the ticket and the train fair seemed an awful lot to pay before a drop had even passed my lips.

But once I started getting free tickets for the trade day, and work paying for the transport, my view changed dramatically. Funny that. The GBBF is now a high spot of the year, better than a birthday or bookfair. There aren't often that many beers I'm keen to tick off, as despite my dedicated beer nerdery I haven't heard of most of them nowadays. A lot of beer geeks hang out at the foreign beer bars, and some seem to think this reflects badly on CAMRA, even though they've provided the beer and anyway it's hardly surprising that beer geeks flock around the rare and exotic beers rather than the permanently available domestic ones. But I'm even more lost with the foreign beers, so unless someone recommends stuff to me I seldom bother, and I didn't haven anything from abroad this year. I did have the Burning Sky/Harvey's key keg beer though, safe in the knowledge I wasn't putting my immortal soul at risk.

For me the GBBF for me is really about the networking, and I well ahead on points this year. I missed out on one person I'd hoped to catch up with, but saw so many others I can't complain. The IBD meeting is handy for the hobnobbing, and though it was a re-run of the haze meeting in October I still picket up some interesting titbits. The only published paper comparing the taste of fined and unfined beer showed negligible difference, but some of the audience said effects have been found (and not necessarily that unfined beers taste better) so it will be interesting to see if anything gets published.

Pic from October
I bought a book from Boak and Bailey, of which I've so far read very little but it's already a strong contender for Book of the Year.

Oh yes

And I was given a beer by a friend from the New Lion Brewery, which I'm delighted to say I managed to get home safely.

Cheers Mat!

As I was booked into a hotel in Olympia this year I stayed later than I normally do, which did help with all the networking. And yes, I did have a Full English the next morning, my need for fried pork products seemed particularly strong.

Wednesday, 2 August 2017

A visit to the Pilsner Urquell brewery

The next day of the Brewery History Society visit to Prague saw us get the train to Pilsen. I know there's a lot of brewing history in Prague, but I've wanted to visit the Pilsner Urquell (Plzeňský prazdroj) brewery for a very long time. For many years Pilsner Urquell was the only lager that I liked, and the brewery of the original pilsner is obviously of great historical significance.

A view of the brewery and the Jubilee Gate

It was good, very good. There's a large modern brewery on the site (production is over 10 million hectolitres a year) but they've also kept the old brewhouse and cellars.

The bottling line was also suitably large, and working at a cracking pace. I didn't see any stoppages whilst we were there.

The old brewhouse has more copper though:

Some serious hammer rash can be seen on the chute going into the lauter tun:

The new brewhouse is another cathedral of gleaming copper, though I think in this case it's copper cladding over stainless steel. But they do still have direct gas firing and a copper heat exchange surface, and do triple decoction mashing.

They also have two 10m lauter tuns, with space for one more.

10m lauter tuns
Quite where and when the mash and wort go I'm not entirely certain. With the two vessel continental system I'd been assuming the lower vessel was the mash and wort kettle, and the upper one the lauter tun. Where an extra lauter tun comes into it I'm not sure, but I dare say it speeds up getting things through the brewhouse.

It's all highly automated
Then it was into the cellars.

 There's 9km of them.

And they still do some fermentation and conditioning in wooden vessels there.

And yes, we did have a drop or two.

Pilsen murky: it's great stuff.

Na zdraví

Tuesday, 1 August 2017

As above, so below

With the rise of murky craft beer I am once more left thinking how the poor, deluded crafties are groping blindly towards the shining light of our Mother church's teachings. Though in the CAMRA catechism the definition of real ale talks of the inherent evil of extraneous CO2, it is often forgotten that artificial carbonation is also an obvious external sign that the greater evils of filtration and pasteurisation have occurred.

Carbonation itself affects beer flavour, and high levels of carbonation can overpower some flavours, but filtration and pasteurisation are likely to cause more flavour problems. Once beer has been separated from the yeast it has lost a lot of its natural protection from oxidation, and great care has to be taken to prevent off flavours developing. Modern brewers will be looking for oxygen pick up of less than 100 parts per billion, something that is not always possible to achieve. Particularly if you're not working at a megabrewery with high spec. kit. Any problems caused by oxygen will be increased during pasteurisation, and when the beer is then served with a high level of carbonation it is a shadow a what it once was.

The current fashion for beer that can only be described as murky is in part because devotees think they have better flavour, and that they've not been filtered or pasteurised will be a big reason for this.  I myself have seeking out unfiltered and unpasteurised beers for many years. In Britain we have a long tradition of making such beers, and they can usually be found by looking for beers served from handpumps. 

Thursday, 27 July 2017

A visit to Černokostelecký brewery

I organised a trip to Prague for the Brewery History Society last week. Thanks to a suggestion from Max Bahnson, philosopher and fellow pisshead, Černokostelecký pivovar was the first brewery we planned to visit.

It's a nineteenth century brewery that as left intact when it was finally closed in 1986. A wood fired copper, two large coolships, open fermenters, and traditional lagering cellars are just the sort of thing to get beer history geeks excited. And when you hear that with Pattinsonian levels of obsession the current owners have spend the last 15 years restoring the brewery to a state where they've managed to do test brews it sounds almost too good to be true. As it turned out there was even more to see!

We're getting closer

I can see the door

There's a bar and restaurant so we had lunch in before Milan from the brewery showed us round:

The lunch wasn't all liquid

An impressive looking building in the grounds of the brewery is the old horse driven mill.

The mill

The pillars and floor were added later.

The intricate roof had to be built with so many beams to hold the building up without any pillars.

Considering the size of the mill building the mill stone here looks surprisingly small.

The brewery had it's own maltings:

The wood fire under the copper:

The copper and mash kettle (well that's my guess anyway)

Which makes this the lauter tun:

The open cooling trays:

They're big.

And this one's ready to use:

There's a radiator type cooler too:

And open fermenters with new attemperators:

Wooden casks:

My feeling that the one true living beer is trinitarian not binitarian is getting stronger

In the cellar:

Max in his classic pose

Ať žije První Máj!

As the old brewery is not yet in production they have a smaller microbrewery on the premises:

Still with open fermenters though:

I've no idea how the beer will turn out when it's brewed on the big kit, though I'd love to try it. But meanwhile they're doing a good job on their 5hl plant.